IF KURALLARI

Tense sorularını çözerken şayet soru kökünde if bağlacı varsa aşağıdaki kurallara göre soruları kolaylıkla çözebilirsiniz.

Öncelikle if bağlacının cümle başında mı cümle ortasında kullanıldığına bakarak kurallara uymayan şıkları eleyerek başlayabilirsiniz.

If kurallarını sadece tense sorularında değil bağlaç, paragraf tamamlama ve cümle tamamlama sorularında da şık elemek ve doğru cevabı bulmak için kullanabilirsiniz.

Aşağıdaki tabloda hangi cümlede ne kullanabileceğiniz ve ne kullanamayacağınız belirtilmiştir:

IF TYPE

0 & 1

IF

IF

Şart cümlesi  

Yan cümle

,

,

sonuç cümlesi 

ana cümle

KULLANILIR Present simple

Present continuous

Present Perfect

Can

Must

have to

Should

be to Vo

 

,,,,,

,

,

Present simple

Will

shall

be going to

CanMust

have to

has to

Should

had better

ought to

May

might

could

will be Ving

will have V3

can have V3

may have V3

KULLANILMAZ Will

shall

Could

Might

May

had better

ought to

had to Vo

was to Vo

were to Vo

Past simple

Past continuous

Past perfect

Would Vo

Would be Ving

Could have V3

Might have V3

Would have V3

,,,,,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

Present Perfect

Present continuous

Past simple

Past continuous

Past perfect

had to Vo

was to Vo

were to Vo

Would Vo

Would be Ving

Could have V3

Might have V3

Would have V3

 

 

If bağlacı ortada kullanılırsa kuralların yerleri de değişir:

 

IF TYPE

0 & 1

Sonuç cümlesi  

Ana cümle

if

if

şart cümlesi 

yan cümle

KULLANILIR Present simple

Will

shall

be going to

CanMust

have to

has to

Should

had better

ought to

May

might

could

will be Ving

will have V3

can have V3

may have V3

 ifif

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

Present simple

Present continuous

Present Perfect

Can

Must

have to

Should

be to Vo

KULLANILMAZ Present Perfect

Present continuous

Past simple

Past continuous

Past perfect

had to Vo

was to Vo

were to Vo

Would Vo

Would be Ving

Could have V3

Might have V3

Would have V3

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

 if

Will

shall

Could

Might

May

had better

ought to

had to Vo

was to Vo

were to Vo

Past simple

Past continuous

Past perfect

Would Vo

Would be Ving

Could have V3

Might have V3

Would have V3

 

 

Type 2 şart cümlelerinde geçerli olmayan, gerçek olmayan, ihtimali olmayan, imkanı olmayan veya hayal olan bir durum söz konusu olduğu için anlam her ne kadar present olsa da past yapı kullanılır. Type 3 şart cümlelerinde ise hem anlam hem de yapı past olduğu için fiillerde past perfect kullanılır, modallara da perfect yapı eklenir : Could have V3, Might have V3,Would have V3.

Burada zaman uyumuna dikkat edilmesi gerekir. Present yapıdaki Type 1 ile Past yapıdaki Type 2 veya Type 3 kullanamazsınız. Type 2 ile Type 3 ise birlikte kullanılabilir ve buna mixed type denir. Ana cümle type 2 iken yan cümle type 3 olabilir veya ana cümle type 3 iken yan cümle type 2 olabilir. Ancak mixed type hiçbir zaman type 1 ile yapılamaz.

 

IF TYPE

2 & 3

IF

IF

Şart cümlesi /

Yan cümle

,

,

sonuç cümlesi 

ana cümle

KULLANILIR Past simple

Past continuous

Past Perfect

Past perfect continuous

Had to

was to Vo

were to Vo

Could ( ability)

Could have V3       ( ability)

,,,,,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

Would Vo

would be V-ing

Might Vo

might be V-ing

Could Vo

could be V-ing

Would have V3

Might have V3

Could have V3

KULLANILMAZ Present simple

Present Perfect

Present continuous

Will

May

Can

be going to

will be Ving

will have V3

can have V3

may have V3

Shall

Should

Had better

Ought to

Would Vo

would be V-ing

Might Vo

might be V-ing

Could have V3

Might have V3

Would have V3

Should have V3

Must have V3

,,,,,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

Present simple

Will

shall

be going to

Can

Must

have to

has to

Should

had better

ought to

May

might

could

will be Ving

will have V3

can have V3

may have V3

Present simple

Present Perfect

Present continuous

Past simple

Past continuous

Past perfect

had to Vo

was to Vo

were to Vo

Should have V3

Must have V3

 

If bağlacı ortada kullanılırsa kuralların yerleri de değişir:

 

IF TYPE

2 & 3

Sonuç cümlesi  

Ana cümle

if

if

şart cümlesi

yan cümle

KULLANILIR Would Vo

would be V-ing

Might Vo

might be V-ing

Could Vo

could be V-ing

Would have V3

Might have V3

Could have V3

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

Past simple

Past continuous

Past Perfect

Past perfect continuous

Had to

was to Vo

were to Vo

Could ( ability)

Could have V3            ( ability)

KULLANILMAZ Present simple

Will

shall

be going to

Can

Must

have to

has to

Should

had better

ought to

May

might

could

will be Ving

will have V3

can have V3

may have V3

Present simple

Present Perfect

Present continuous

Past simple

Past continuous

Past perfect

had to Vo

was to Vo

were to Vo

Should have V3

Must have V3

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

if

Present simple

Present Perfect

Present continuous

Will

May

Can

be going to

will be Ving

will have V3

can have V3

may have V3

Shall

Should

Had better

Ought to

Would Vo

would be V-ing

Might Vo

might be V-ing

Could have V3

Might have V3

Would have V3

Should have V3

Must have V3

YENİ SİSTEMİMİZDEKİ ÖRNEK SORU ÇÖZÜMLERİNİ İNCELEDİNİZ Mİ?
YDS DERS NOTLARI Sistemindeki örnek soru çözümlerine aşağıdaki logomuza veya linke tıklayarak ulaşabilirsiniz:

https://sistem.ydsdersnotlari.com/cozumlu-sorular/

YENİ SİSTEMİMİZDEKİ KONU ANLATIMLARINI İNCELEDİNİZ Mİ?
YDS DERS NOTLARI Sistemindeki konu anlatımlarına aşağıdaki logomuza veya linke tıklayarak ulaşabilirsiniz:

https://sistem.ydsdersnotlari.com/k/konu-anlatimi/

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